The Safety Attendant

CSA Responsibilities

Safety Attendant Responsibilities: The responsibilities of the Safety, Attendant include, but are not limited to:

  • Do not enter the Confined Space uniess the Satety Attendant nes a role in the emergency and rescue plan and additional rescue help has arrived.
  • Not be assigned any additional duties or tasis which will in any way confict with their responsibility as a Safety Attendant.
  • Continually observe conditions Inside and outside the confined space.
  • Continually observe the integrity and the proper use of personal protective equipment including respiratory protection, breathing air and any other safety equipment.
  • Document the status of people (in or out) of the confined space (see Appendix A).
  • Monitor the actions of the people in the confined space, and in the event of an injury, fire, gas release or other emergency:
    • Shut down the job.
    • Order the Entrants out of the confined space, and
    • If needed, initiate the emergency plans and communicate the details of the emergency to the Rescue Team.
  • Allow only authorized entrants (people listed on the CSE Permit) to enter the confined space; shut down the entry and notify the CSE Permit issuer if others attempt to enter the confined space.

Review Items for Approval:   Prior to entry, the person approving the Confined Space Entry Permit must conduct an on-site inspection and meet with al Entrants and the Safety Attendant(s) to verity that requirements have been met, Including, but not limited to:

  • When an Isolation of energy sources is needed, the Facility Representative and 200 Representative have documented their verification of the isolation.
  • The confined space has been cleaned and cleared to ensure that the air quality is not Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH).
  • A Safety Attendant is in place and that he/she understands his/her responsibilities.
  • The ventilation and hazard monitoring requirements of the Confined Space Entry Standard have been addressed.
  • A Confined Space Entry Operating Procedure, Including the emergency and rescue plan, that meets the requirements of the standard is being used and s understood.
  • A Safe Work Permit and a Confined Space Entry Permit have been issued.
  • A review of the hazards of the area, the equipment, and the safeguards that are in place to remove or minimize those hazards has been documented as part of the Sate Work Permitting process and these elements are understood.

Confined Space Entry Procedure:

1. Identifying the work area as a confined space.
2. Conduct a hazard assessment of the confined space.
3. Classify the confined space as an A, B, or C confined space.
4. Post the confined space classification at/near the confined space.
5. Train the workers in confined space entry procedures and review the hazard assessment for the confined space.
6. Prepare the confined space for entry by purging or ventilating the tank if there are hazardous atmosphere toxins, lack of oxygen or oxygen enriched environment. Note; Oxygen content must be between 19.5% and 21.4%.
7. Complete a “Safe Entry Tag” that will put into action Gas tests, Safety Procedures, Equipment to be used i.e. (ventilation, electrical with (GFI), tools), Personnel Protective Equipment, Potential hazards, Location of vessel/tank, Description of work, Lockout required, Safety watch required, Communication system to be used, Rescue equipment and personnel in-place, Duration of confined work, Date and time of entry, Names of all workers entering the confined space, Signature of qualified “Safe Entry Tag” issuer, Safety watch and the signature of a qualified worker accepting the “Safe Entry Tag”.
8. Once all criteria on the “Safe Entry Tag” has been completed, the worker(s) can enter the confined space.
9. Once the confined space work has been completed, the “Safe Entry Tag” issuer will inspect the confined space to ensure all workers, tools and equipment have been removed.
10. The “Safe Entry Tag” issuer will then sign-off on the tag, that this confined space work has been completed.
11. All completed “Safe Entry Tags” will be filed and kept by month and year.

  • The Safety Attendant is not allowed to enter anytime in the confined space.
  • Stay outside the confined space unless you have a role in the Emergency and Rescue Plan and a backup attendant is present.
  • Be able to communicate with the rescue team (either directly or via the control room)
  • Test your communication methods throughout the entry, and not just during the permitting.
  • Maintain a line of sight or other continuous two-way communication with the Entrants, be able to recognize an emergency.
  • Log who goes in or out of the confined space and check that personnel entering the confined space are wearing the required PPE. Allow only authorized Entrants (personnel listed on the CSE Permit) to enter the confined space,

CSE Permit Appendix A

  • Document the status of people (in or out) of the confined space (see Appendix A).
  • Ensure the entry/exit to the confined space is kept clear,
  • Not be assigned any additional duties or tasks which will in any way conflict with their responsibility as a Safety Attendant.
  • Monitor the actions of the people in the confined space, and in the event of an injury, fire, gas release or other emergency:

1. Shut down the job.
2. Order the Entrants out of the confined space, and
3. If needed, initiate the emergency plans and communicate the details of the emergency to the Rescue Team.

  • Shut down the job, order the Entrants out of the space, and initiate emergency plans (if necessary) when:
  • There is a fire, gas release, or any other emergency outside the confined space.
  • There is an injury or other emergency inside the confined space.
  • The concentration of oxygen in the confined space goes below 19.5% or above 23.5% (unless breathing air is being used)
  • The concentration of flammables goes above 10% of LEL.
  • The concentration of airborne contaminants goes above the levels measured prior to entry or applicable exposure guidelines.
  • The temperature in the confined space goes above 50 C / 122 F, or below -29 C / -20 F.
  • You are unable to communicate with the rescue team.
  • The rescue team becomes unavailable for any reason.
  • You cannot monitor activities inside and outside the confined space.
  • You cannot monitor the integrity and proper use of personal protective equipment including respiratory protection.
  • Personnel attempt to enter the confined space that are not authorized entrants (not listed on the CSE Permit). Notify the CSE Permit Issuer if personnel not listed on the CSE Permit attempt to enter the space.
  • Observe the integrity and proper use of PPE.
  • The safety attendant needs to understand what PPE is required and what proper use and limitations are of the PPE. Examples to include wearing the proper suit to enter the confined space, while they are working, observe if they may have snagged their suit and caused it to tear, that the proper cartridges are in the respirator, that goggles are not fogged and putting the worker at risk, that the safety harness is put on properly, etc.
  • Additional Safety Attendant may be required when it is not possible to continually monitor conditions inside and outside the confined space (e.g. bottle watch, or entries on two levels) or if you need a rest break. In these situations, get another Attendant to assist.
  • If the Safety Attendant is not the person who conducts hazard monitoring, then the role of the Safety Attendant is to ensure the results are logged on the CSE Permit.
  • ODA – The oxygen level below 19.5% are considered deficient and require BA.
  • CSIDLH – The concentration of flammable is above 10% of LFL or the oxygen concentration is less than 17%.
  • When no one is inside a Confined Space, then the Safety Attendant must be within 10 meters (35ft) and in visual contact with the entry point to consider the space Attended.
  • As a good practice – when a confined space is left unattended, place a sign on the entry point that says “ CSE – Do Not Enter Without Permit”.